The Second Amendment to Indonesia’s ITE Law

In response to the relentless march of technological progress, Indonesia has undertaken a comprehensive revision of its Information and Electronic Transactions Law (ITE Law). This second amendment is strategically crafted to align the legal framework with the exigencies of contemporary technology. This article meticulously elucidates the pivotal modifications to existing articles and the incorporation of new provisions, all aimed at cultivating a legal environment that adeptly navigates the complexities of the digital age.

Refinement of Existing Articles:

Article 5 – Electronic Evidence:

Indonesia’s legal landscape now officially embraces electronic evidence as admissible in both criminal and civil proceedings, a pivotal change reflecting the increasing significance of digital proof.

Article 13 – Electronic Certification:

The role of Electronic Certification Providers (PSrE) has been amplified, with the amended Article 13 expanding the array of services, including electronic signatures, electronic seals, and digital identities.

Article 17 – Electronic Transactions:

Electronic System Providers (PSE) are now entrusted with a heightened duty to safeguard electronic information and personal data during transactions, aligning with the imperative of data security in the digital realm.

Articles 27, 27A, 27B, 28, 29, and 36 – Prohibited Actions:

Articles perceived as ambiguous or overly encompassing, such as the infamous ‘rubber article’ (Article 27), have undergone substantive changes, specifying and intensifying prohibited actions and penalties.

Article 40 – Government’s Role:

The government’s role in personal data protection has been fortified with the establishment of the National Policy Council, emphasizing the importance of government intervention in safeguarding sensitive information.

Article 43 – Investigator’s Authority:

Investigative powers have been refined, empowering investigators to enlist expert witnesses specifically for electronic evidence, enhancing the evidentiary aspect of digital investigations.

Addition of New Provisions:

Article 13A – Digital Identity:

The introduction of Article 13A addresses the critical aspect of digital identity within electronic certification processes, enhancing the overall security and reliability of electronic certifications.

Articles 16A and 16B – Child Protection:

The amendments introduce crucial provisions ensuring the protection of minors in the digital space, including age restrictions and user verification mechanisms.

Article 18A – International Electronic Contracts:

A new provision governing international electronic contracts provides legal clarity for cross-border transactions, instilling confidence in users and Electronic System Providers (PSE).

Article 40A – Government’s Role in Digital Ecosystem:

The addition of Article 40A underscores the government’s expanded role in fostering a secure, fair, accountable, and innovative digital ecosystem.


These amendments signify Indonesia’s commitment to crafting a legal framework attuned to the nuances of contemporary technology. By embracing and regulating emergent digital phenomena, Indonesia aspires to foster a digital environment that is legally robust, secure, and equitable for its citizenry.